Advancements in Retaining Walls

Retaining means to hold back the masses or loose soil where conditions make it impractical to let those masses assume their natural shape.

The retaining walls as the name suggests is a structure that holds or retains the soil, dirt, and earth behind the back.

There are many types of retaining wall structures that can be used to create a stable slope, terrain landscaping, prevent ground moving downhill. Some are easy to construct, others have a shorter build life, but all can retain soil.

Retaining Wall materials

Retaining walls can be made out of a variety of building materials, and it does depend on the individual. Following are the list of few common materials used during the construction of retaining walls:

  • Wood sheets
  • Steel and interlocking plastic layer
  • Reinforced concrete
  • Precast concrete elements (crib walls)
  • Closely placed soil-cement piles
  • Wire-mesh boxes (gabions walls)
  • Anchors into the soil or rock mass (anchor walls).

Design Considerations

Some points to consider when planning your retaining wall installation:

  • For Walls over 4 foot, use of geo-grid fabric is recommended
  • Use filter fabric at wet/dry soil, then cover with aggregates
  • Ensure good drainage with filter fabric, drain piping, backfill, drain piping, filter fabric, or weep holes.
  • Compact materials between each layer of installation
  • For stability, slant the walls a little towards backfill.

 

Installing Retaining Walls

Underneath are the essential 8-steps that are carried out during the installation of a retaining wall:

  1. Tools and Equipment
  2. Retaining Wall Plan and Layout
  3. Excavation
  4. Base Material
  5. Compact
  6. Lay the First Row
  7. Backfill
  8. RetaingWall Capping

Advancements in Retaining Walls

MSE Precast Retaining Wall

Retaining wall

MSE retaining walls are gravity structures designed to resist specific loading requirements. The main components of the MSE Retaining wall lie in rotating layers of granular backfill, and metallic soil reinforcing strips to which a modular precast concrete facing is attached.

Its strength and stability come from the frictional interaction between the granular backfill and, therefore, this, in turn, creates a permanent and predictable bond between reinforcements, resulting in a singular composite structure. other variants of this system include Terratrel MSE Wire Faced Retaining Wall, MSE Precast Retaining Wall with Traffic Barrier.

 

Advantages

  • Considerable advantages over, both in construction time and quantity of materials
  • Great Flexibility, making it possible to create directly upon compressible soils
  • High load-carrying capacity, both static and dynamic loads
  • Ease of installation since construction was done by using prefabricated components is rapid and predictable
  • The Mesa Systems were chosen because of their dependable connection strength to withstand challenging site conditions

 

 

TechSpan Precast Arch

Retaining wall

TechSpan may be a modern, three-hinged precast concrete arch system that consists of half arch units that meet at the crown and are supported by an edge that’s sized for site-specific conditions.

The innovation of this technology is to customize and optimize the system to every specific project’s special loading requirements.

Advantages

  • Durable precast concrete offers an extended service life with minimal maintenance
  • Erection is straightforward, rapid and predictable without disruption to flow of traffic
  • Advanced design procedures and unique fabrication capabilities provide the most efficient use of concrete and steel
  • Customize and optimize the design for project-specific loading conditions and geometry

 

TechWall Precast Counterfort Retaining Wall

TechWall may be a precast wall system that fuses a full-height facing panel and counterfort into one unit. TechWall precast retaining walls are used where site conditions include the use of linear reinforcing strips, like construction in cut conditions, and roadway widening.

Advantages

  • Techwall has considerable advantages over cast-in-place, both in construction time and quantity of materials.
  • Simple, rapid, and predictable construction
Noise Wall/Security Barrier

Retaining wall

The wall could also be a precast permanent or temporary barrier system that consists of precast modular panels and steel connector cables, which can be used for nearly every noise or security problem. These engineered wall systems include both freestanding concrete barriers and post-and-panel structures. This system provides a cost-effective, practical, and aesthetically pleasing barrier solution for transportation, utility, industrial and commercial applications.

Advantages

  • Minimal site preparation
  • Simple, rapid, and predictable construction
  • Maintenance-free and reusable
  • Highly resistant to wind loads and overturning
Tension Precast Counterfort Retaining Wall

Retaining wall

Tension is a precast counterfort retaining wall system consisting of an integral hollow box attached to the backside of standard MSE concrete facing panels stacked on a continuous, cast-in-place, reinforced concrete footing. Tension could also be used for areas where it is difficult to install linear soil reinforcements like severe right-of-way restriction, construction in rock-cut conditions, substantial utility conflict, and roadway widening.

Advantages

  • Considerable advantages in terms of saving construction time and quantity of materials
  • Simple, rapid, and predictable construction
  • Durable precast concrete offers an extended service life with minimal maintenance.

 

Modular Block

Retaining wall

In modular or segmental blocks, retaining walls employ interlocking concrete units that tie back into the earth to resist loads efficiently. The inherent design flexibility can accommodate any constraints, project sizes, and aesthetic preferences. These pre-engineered modular systems are a beautiful, economical, and sturdy alternative to stone or poured concrete retaining walls.

 

ARES(Advanced Reinforced Soil)

The ARES wall Systems offer a wide range of selection depending on the site needs and application. ARES consists of Modular or Full-Height Panels, which give non-metallic earth reinforcement and are especially suited in areas where salt, chemically active soils, or stray currents are a priority.

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